sqlmap Package Description
sqlmap is an open source penetration testing tool that automates the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection flaws and taking over of database servers. It comes with a powerful detection engine, many niche features for the ultimate penetration tester and a broad range of switches lasting from database fingerprinting, over data fetching from the database, to accessing the underlying file system and executing commands on the operating system via out-of-band connections.
- Full support for MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, IBM DB2, SQLite, Firebird, Sybase and SAP MaxDB database management systems.
- Full support for six SQL injection techniques: boolean-based blind, time-based blind, error-based, UNION query, stacked queries and out-of-band.
- Support to directly connect to the database without passing via a SQL injection, by providing DBMS credentials, IP address, port and database name.
- Support to enumerate users, password hashes, privileges, roles, databases, tables and columns.
- Automatic recognition of password hash formats and support for cracking them using a dictionary-based attack.
- Support to dump database tables entirely, a range of entries or specific columns as per user’s choice. The user can also choose to dump only a range of characters from each column’s entry.
- Support to search for specific database names, specific tables across all databases or specific columns across all databases’ tables. This is useful, for instance, to identify tables containing custom application credentials where relevant columns’ names contain string like name and pass.
- Support to download and upload any file from the database server underlying file system when the database software is MySQL, PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server.
- Support to execute arbitrary commands and retrieve their standard output on the database server underlying operating system when the database software is MySQL, PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server.
- Support to establish an out-of-band stateful TCP connection between the attacker machine and the database server underlying operating system. This channel can be an interactive command prompt, a Meterpreter session or a graphical user interface (VNC) session as per user’s choice.
- Support for database process’ user privilege escalation via Metasploit’s Meterpreter getsystem command.
- Author: Bernardo Damele Assumpcao Guimaraes, Miroslav Stampar
- License: GPLv2
Tools included in the sqlmap package
sqlmap – automatic SQL injection tool
Usage: python sqlmap [options]
-h, –help Show basic help message and exit
-hh Show advanced help message and exit
–version Show program’s version number and exit
-v VERBOSE Verbosity level: 0-6 (default 1)
At least one of these options has to be provided to define the
-u URL, –url=URL Target URL (e.g. “http://www.site.com/vuln.php?id=1”)
-g GOOGLEDORK Process Google dork results as target URLs
These options can be used to specify how to connect to the target URL
–data=DATA Data string to be sent through POST
–cookie=COOKIE HTTP Cookie header value
–random-agent Use randomly selected HTTP User-Agent header value
–proxy=PROXY Use a proxy to connect to the target URL
–tor Use Tor anonymity network
–check-tor Check to see if Tor is used properly
These options can be used to specify which parameters to test for,
provide custom injection payloads and optional tampering scripts
-p TESTPARAMETER Testable parameter(s)
–dbms=DBMS Force back-end DBMS to this value
These options can be used to customize the detection phase
–level=LEVEL Level of tests to perform (1-5, default 1)
–risk=RISK Risk of tests to perform (0-3, default 1)
These options can be used to tweak testing of specific SQL injection
–technique=TECH SQL injection techniques to use (default “BEUSTQ”)
These options can be used to enumerate the back-end database
management system information, structure and data contained in the
tables. Moreover you can run your own SQL statements
-a, –all Retrieve everything
-b, –banner Retrieve DBMS banner
–current-user Retrieve DBMS current user
–current-db Retrieve DBMS current database
–passwords Enumerate DBMS users password hashes
–tables Enumerate DBMS database tables
–columns Enumerate DBMS database table columns
–schema Enumerate DBMS schema
–dump Dump DBMS database table entries
–dump-all Dump all DBMS databases tables entries
-D DB DBMS database to enumerate
-T TBL DBMS database table(s) to enumerate
-C COL DBMS database table column(s) to enumerate
Operating system access:
These options can be used to access the back-end database management
system underlying operating system
–os-shell Prompt for an interactive operating system shell
–os-pwn Prompt for an OOB shell, Meterpreter or VNC
These options can be used to set some general working parameters
–batch Never ask for user input, use the default behaviour
–flush-session Flush session files for current target
–wizard Simple wizard interface for beginner users
[!] to see full list of options run with ‘-hh’
[*] shutting down at 15:52:48
sqlmap Usage Example
Attack the given URL (-u “http://192.168.1.250/?p=1&forumaction=search”) and extract the database names (–dbs):
sqlmap/1.0-dev – automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool
[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user’s responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal laws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program
[*] starting at 13:11:04